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What are the factors that affect renal damage in hypertensio

The incidence of hypertensive renal impairment was positively correlated with the severity and duration of hypertension. Other possible factors include smoking, alcoholism, sex, race, diabetes, hyperlipidemia and hyperuricemia, which affect each other and further aggravate kidney damage. Men are more likely to have kidney damage than women. The age of onset of essential hypertension is generally 25 to 45 years old, and high blood pressure caused by kidney damage clinical symptoms of age is generally 40 to 60 years old. The earliest symptoms may increase for nocturia, reflecting the renal tubular ischemia has occurred, urinary enrichment began to decline. And then appeared proteinuria, indicating that the glomerulus has occurred lesions. Proteinuria is generally mild to moderate (+ or ++), 24-hour urine protein is generally no more than 2 grams, but a small number of patients with a large number of proteinuria. Urine sediment microscopy showed red blood cells and tube type, inpidual patients due to glomerular capillary rupture occurred transient hematuria. Studies have confirmed that untreated hypertensive patients with renal function decreased significantly compared with those without hypertension.

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