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How to Preserve Residual Renal Function
Residual renal function (RRF) is the remaining ability of kidney to remove toxins and extra fluid from our body. Chronic kidney disease is irreversible but it is possible for patients to stop its process and preserve RRF. It is vital for patients to do the right thing to protect their kidney no matter how advanced their kidney disease is. Doing something precaution in the early stage of CKD may help you avoid painful and expensive measures like dialysis. Here are some measures that can help preserve residual renal function.
The first measure is sparing some attention on your diet. Too much sodium can elevate your blood pressure, causing hypertension, so for a healthy blood pressure to preserve your kidney function you may limit your salt intake. Beside, keeping your fat consumption in check will improve your cholesterol levels, helping your arteries stay clear so that more blood can reach your kidneys. Consume moderate amounts of protein, Minimize consumption of potassium-rich foods and Lower overall calorie intake are also measure people can do to preserve residual renal function. Patients with chronic kidney disease often experience calcium loss and low vitamin D production. Calcium and vitamin D are crucial to bone formation, so ask your doctor whether you should take them in supplement form.
A regular exercise will help you control your blood pressure and your body weight; if you have diabetes, exercise will also help you manage it. You don’t need to join a gym. Walking can be excellent, low-impact exercise. Talk to your doctor about the right exercise plan for you, and consider asking for a referral to a physical therapist, especially if exercise is new for you: this person can help you create an exercise program with your particular health needs in mind.
Smoking is unhealthy for everyone, but for people trying to preserve residual renal function, quitting is crucial to slowing the progression of kidney damage and maintaining a healthy blood pressure.
Being overweight or obese places increased strain on your kidneys. Work with your doctor to determine your ideal weight, and strive to stay at or near it. The diet and exercise suggestions offered here will help you do that.
The last measure we may take is medicine. If diet and exercise are not sufficient to keep you from developing hypertension, your doctor may prescribe medications. The most effective drugs are Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). Aside from reducing blood pressure, ACEIs and ARBs prevent protein loss in urine and consequently swelling of the body. These drugs can also be prescribed for diabetes-induced renal disease.
Due to the lack of erythropoietin, most patients with kidney failure will turn into anemia. If you have anemia, your doctor pay prescribe iron supplements and/or erythropoietin injections. These will help with fatigue and weakness, common symptoms of anemia. However, overcorrection can lead to hypertension and thrombosis. So follow your doctor’s instructions with care.