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Focus on uremia diet



1, low protein diet in azotemia and uremia patients should be mainly in low protein diet, and protein to the animal protein contains essential amino acids, such as milk, eggs, fish, lean meat, etc.. Daily protein intake of 20 G. In this way, it not only ensures the supply of essential amino acids, but also allows the body to use non protein nitrogen to synthesize non essential amino acids in the case of low protein supply.

2, the diet is rich in vitamin food should be easy to digest and contain enough vitamins, especially vitamin B, C, D. It is necessary to avoid the mechanical damage to the alimentary tract caused by rough food. Patients with a good appetite in the case of the blood stasis, the calories should not be less than 35 kg per kilogram of body weight, but to the uremia period can only depend on the patient's appetite. If you have a lot of urine, edema is not obvious, do not limit the amount of drinking water.

3, timely replenishment of water and salt in uremic patients prone to dehydration and hyponatremia, especially long-term loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea were even more so. Once it happens, it should be added in time. However, attention should be paid to uremia patients with poor tolerance to water, sodium, and can not be excessive, so as not to cause hypernatremia or water intoxication.

4, pay attention to blood calcium and potassium, potassium in uremic patients is low, the use of diuretics after prone to hypokalemia, then can eat some fresh fruits and potassium chloride. Blood calcium in patients with uremia is often low, can eat some high calcium foods, such as fish, shrimp, meat bone soup etc..

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