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How to arrange the diet of uremia patients in life

The renal function of patients with uremia has been severely damaged, many of the metabolic products are unable to discharge, therefore, in addition to the uremic patients with effective treatment, in the diet also need special attention, not because of improper diet caused greater harm to the body. So, what are the requirements of dietary arrangements for uremic patients in life?

Timely replenishment of water, salt: uremic patients prone to dehydration and hyponatremia, especially long-term loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea in patients is even more so. In the event of a timely supplement. But should pay attention to uremic patients with poor water tolerance, sodium can not be excessive, so as not to cause hypernatremia or water poisoning.

Note that calcium, potassium: uremia patients generally with low potassium, after the use of diuretics prone to hypokalemia, then you can eat some fresh fruit and potassium chloride. Uremic patients often with low calcium, you can eat some high calcium foods, such as fish, shrimp, meat, bone soup and so on.

Low protein diet, in azotemia and uremia patients should be mainly low-protein diet, and the protein to contain essential amino acids in animal protein-based, such as milk, eggs, fish, thin Meat and so on. Daily protein intake of 20 grams. This will not only ensure the supply of amino acids necessary for the body, but also the body in the case of low protein supply non-protein nitrogen synthesis of non-essential amino acids, thereby reducing azotemia.

Diet is rich in vitamin foods: easy to digest and contain plenty of vitamins, especially vitamin B, C, D. To avoid rough food on the digestive tract of mechanical damage caused by gastrointestinal bleeding. In azotemia patients with good appetite, calories should not be less than 35 calories per kilogram of body weight, but only in the uremic phase depending on the patient's appetite. If the patient urine volume, edema is not obvious, generally do not limit the amount of water.

How to arrange the diet of uremia patients in life

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