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What is the nutritional treatment of chronic kidney disease?
In chronic kidney disease, the ability of the kidneys to excrete these metabolic wastes drastically diminishes, so protein catabolite, such as urea, creatinine, and guanidines accumulate in the blood and become uremic toxins. Reduce the intake of protein that means low-protein diet can reduce the production and accumulation of protein catabolism substances, thus reduce the high workload of damaged kidneys and delay the progress of renal insufficiency. Therefore, low protein diet is an important means of non-dialysis treatment for patients with chronic kidney disease.
When do you start eating a low protein diet is appropriate?
The occurrence and development of chronic kidney disease is a very slow process. Early treatment of chronic kidney disease is very important for the development and prognosis of the disease. The current accepted view is that as long as impaired renal function should begin to limit the protein in the diet.
What should be paid attention to in long-term adherence to low-protein diet?
A reasonable low-protein diet can avoid malnutrition in patients with chronic kidney disease. The following points need to be noted in daily life:
1, low protein diet is not unlimited low: under normal circumstances, to ensure 0.6 ~ 0.8g protein / kg body weight per day.
2, 50% of the low-protein diet must come from high-quality protein: such as milk, eggs, fish, poultry, meat and soy products. The rest of the protein from cereals, vegetables, fruits and so on.
3, sufficient calories must be guaranteed: the heat supply of 30~35 kcal //kg per day is the principle of maintaining the ideal weight.
4, should try to eat high in calories but low in protein foods: such as sweet potato, yam, taro, pumpkin, lotus root starch, potatoes and so on. When patients eat less calories, may be appropriate to increase some high sugar foods such as honey, glucose, or vegetable oil to increase calories to meet the basic needs of the body.
In addition, pay attention to calcium supplementation, daily supplement of 1g ~ 1.5g calcium, while limiting phosphorus intake. Adequate supply of vitamins.
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